There comes a time in the life of every woman when her menarche or menopause strikes. After all those years of exhaustive menstruation, it’s time for her body to take rest, as it goes through a hormonal upheaval. As your ovaries begin to age they produce a lesser amount of oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone. The regular supply of oestrogen since puberty ensures the vaginal elasticity and supply of blood in the ovaries. During menopause due to the lack of hormone oestrogen, the vagina gets dry and loose and can, as a result, affect your sexual function to a great extent.
The decrease in progesterone levels effects the sexual drive and causes the periods to become longer and heavier during perimenopause. Whereas fall in testosterone levels may reduce bone and muscle mass and women may show abnormal hair growth during this phase. Some women demonstrate extreme symptoms of menopause like hot flushes, night sweats, headaches, insomnia, joint aches, fatigue and vaginal dryness.
With the onset of menopause, women lose the potency to produce babies and they also tend to have frequent mood swings and in rare cases a tendency to develop Alzheimer’s disorder. And since the monthly periods stop, they have an increased risk of heart-related disorders. The skin also undergoes lots of changes due to reduction is oestrogen levels. It gets sagged, dry and wrinkled which is primarily maintained by the hormone oestrogen. The bone density also decreases due to age and hormonal changes and women tend to suffer from osteoporosis. Due to a decrease in oestrogen levels, the urethra and the urinary bladder becomes dry and loses elasticity, with a hyped risk of urinary tract infections.
Women are often prescribed menopausal hormonal therapy which caters to all their menopausal symptoms and gives them relief. Women are advised to take rest, drink lots of fluids (for hot flushes) exercise, communicate with people and eat a high protein fibre rich diet, which adds up to the muscle and bone mass and increases immunity.