S2H Diaries

Emotional Quotient Vs Intelligence Quotient

When do we talk of success, which is the quality that defines us better? Is it the Emotional Quotient/EQ or the Intelligence Quotient IQ? Both these terms are widely used these days for professional as well as a personal assessment of individuals. Emotional quotient is the ability of a person to sense, evaluate, control and express the emotions of a person, to create better work coordination with people and their surroundings.

On the other hand, Intelligence Quotient refers to a person’s ability to understand, interpret and implement one’s knowledge in various situations to strengthen his personal and professional background. A person with higher IQ uses his skills to the best of his knowledge, leading to his as well as the company’s growth. In a study conducted by business analysts, it was found that a company with high EQ delivered a profit of $1.2 million from their accounts.

IQ is used to measure the cognitive abilities of a person in a given situation or predicament and the manner in which he can come out with a solution to the best of his knowledge. But the effects of Emotional Intelligence are deeper as they cover a broader perspective like sympathy, intuition, imagination, flexibility, stress management, truthfulness and genuineness.

In any organization, an employee with a higher EQ can convince his colleagues far more effectively by catering to their emotions rather than presenting the facts and figures. Nowadays corporates look for individuals with a higher EQ than IQ, so that they have a better understanding with their peers, an open level of communication and increased production.

Here is the comparison chart to follow in order to calibrate an individual’s IQ and EQ-

EQ                              IQ
Stands for Emotional Quotient (aka emotional intelligence) Intelligence Quotient
Definition Emotional quotient (EQ) or emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, assess, and control the emotions of oneself, of others, and of groups. An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a score derived from one of the several standardised tests designed to assess intelligence.
Abilities Identify, evaluate, control and express emotions one’s own emotions; perceive, and assess others’ emotions; use emotions to facilitate thinking, understand emotional meanings. Ability to learn, understand and apply information to skills, logical reasoning, word comprehension, math skills, abstract and spatial thinking, filter irrelevant information.
In the workplace Teamwork, leadership, successful relations, service orientation, initiative, collaboration. Success with challenging tasks, ability to analyse and connect the dots, research and development.
Identifies Leaders, team-players, individuals who best work alone, individuals with social challenges. Highly capable or gifted individuals, individuals with mental challenges and special needs.
Origin 1985, Wayne Payne’s doctoral thesis “A Study of Emotion: Developing Emotional Intelligence” Popular use came in Daniel Goleman’s 1995 book “Emotional Intelligence – Why it can matter more than IQ” 1883, English statistician Francis Galton’s paper “Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development” First application came in French psychologist Alfred Binet’s 1905 test to assess school children in France.
Popular Tests Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Test (emotion-based problem-solving tasks); Daniel Goleman model Score (based on emotional competencies). Stanford-Binet test; Wechsler; Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities.


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