Human beings are always calibrated on the basis of their intelligence. The standard quota of human intelligence based on IQ tests is restricted to a certain point. But in 1983 Dr. Howard Gardner, a professor of education in Harvard university proposed the theory of multiple intelligences. This new theory of intelligence has brought a huge revolution in the branch of knowledge and education.
Howard Gardner explained that reason, intelligence, logic and knowledge are different components of the human brain. He promptly chose eight different human abilities to classify the various ways of learning and teaching. These are as follows-
Musical-rhythmic (the ability to learn through music-pitch, timbre, rhythm and tone)
Visual-spatial (the ability to learn by looking at pictures)
Verbal–linguistic (ability to learn a certain language or words)
Logical-mathematical (the ability to learn through a process of logic or numbers)
Bodily-kinesthetic (the ability to learn through the physical sense of touch)
Intrapersonal (the ability to learn from a certain social experience in life)
Naturalistic (the ability to learn through a certain natural experience in life)
Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences has made it fairly easy to study a certain subject according to one’s preferences. Our schools and educational institutions often put more stress on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence.
In this learning process, we forget that hidden in our kids are other streaks of intelligence which can make artists, architects, entrepreneurs and therapists who play an important role in shaping our world. And unfortunately, many of these kids end up being tagged as underachievers, “learning disabled” or ADD kids. But the good news is that the theory of multiple intelligence has grabbed the attention of educators across the globe and now teachers in various schools are being trained to implement their knowledge in interesting ways like music, cooperative learning, art activities, role play, multimedia, field trips and meditation.
For instance, if you’re studying law, business or economics, linguistic intelligence is the most preferred way of learning or teaching. If you’re studying complicated mathematical formulas, then the logical-mathematical method of learning should be used. The theory of multiple intelligence also goes a long way to establishing adult learning and development. We often come across individuals who complain of being underrated and their inability to exploit their talents to the max. For instance, a person who id body-kinaesthetically smart may feel stuck up between account sheets or essay writing, while he’s instinctively made for field trips as forest ranger or doing sprints as an athlete.
However, you don’t have to go by the usual rules. You should choose the learning method which interests you the most, or is easy to process in your mind. For instance, certain children may find learning the alphabet through visual-spatial method more simple. Others might prefer to learn their numbers through musical-rhythmic method. (Likely a song or beat poem.)
To make it easier to learn through these different methods, you can write down the subject or teaching you want to learn on a piece of paper. Then, trace eight lines from the subject and write each method of learning. After that, you can figure out variations of ideas to comprehend the teaching easily.
For example, if you would like to memorise the periodic table of elements, you should make a sentence or acronym for each group (halogens, inert gases, basic metals, non-metals, lanthanides, actinides, etc.)
ie- Lily Kills Rubbish Creatures Frantically, which makes that Lithium, Potassium, Rubidium, Chromium and Francium. To get started to write down all the seven forms of intelligence in columns and begin with a brainstorming session on ideas which could be implemented for teaching in each type of intelligence.
For the best results, try out each of the methods and see for yourself which one suits you best.